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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 1958-1971
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.235


Growth Suppression of Chenopodium album Weed and Growth Promotion Effect on Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) by Inoculation of δ-Aminolevulinic Acid Producing Rhizobacteria
Aakanksha Khandelwal, Anju Sehrawat and Satyavir S. Sindhu*
Department of Microbiology, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Weeds are the most underestimated crop pests in agriculture and cause 37-40% reduction in the yields of various crops. They decrease quantity and quality of farm produce/food, forage/fodder and animal products (meat and milk), and cause health hazards for humans and animals. Thus, weed control is indispensable in every crop production system. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the herbicidal activity of rhizosphere bacteria against the Chenopodium album (bathu) weed. Ninety five bacteria were obtained from the rhizosphere of wheat and mustard, and screened for ALA (δ-aminolevulinic acid) production. Overall, 80% of the rhizobacterial isolates produced ALA. Out of these, 10 bacterial isolates were selected for retardation or stimulation effect on seed germination of Chenopodium album weed on 0.8% agar incorporated plates. Four rhizobacterial isolates showed root growth inhibition and three bacterial isolates caused shoot growth inhibition at both 5th and 10th day of seed germination. Four rhizobacterial isolates showed moderate growth on ACC supplemented plates. Similarly, production of IAA varied in different rhizobacterial isolates and five isolates produced more than 4.0 μg ml-1 IAA. Based on beneficial attributes, three bacterial isolates WHA82, MSA39 and WHA100 were examined for their effect on growth of wheat and weed under pot house conditions. Inoculation of bacterial isolate MSA39 caused 43-53% decrease in root dry weight (RDW) and 31-47% decrease in shoot dry weight (SDW) of Chenopodium album at 60 and 90 days of plant growth, whereas its inoculation showed 122-144% increase in RDW and 205-124% increase in SDW of wheat. Inoculation with bacterial isolates WHA82 and WHA100 also decreased root and shoot dry weight of C. album at both the stages of observations. These rhizospheric bacterial isolates MSA39 and WHA100 could be further tested for suppression of weed growth under field conditions for their subsequent application as biofertilizer and bioherbicide.


Keywords: Chenopodium album, Wheat, Rhizobacterial isolates, ALA production, IAA production, ACC utilization, Growth retardation
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How to cite this article:

Aakanksha Khandelwal, Anju Sehrawat and Satyavir S. Sindhu. 2018. Techniques for Determination of Vitamin B6, Vitamin C and Variability in Areca Nut (Areca catechu) Samples of Karnataka, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 1958-1971. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.235