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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 1786-1794
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.216


Phytochemical Screening and Analysis of Carica papaya, Agave americana and Piper nigrum
Pallavi Singh*, Nainika Tanwar, Trisha Saha, Aishwarya Gupta and Sargam Verma
Department of Biotechnology, College of Engineering and Technology, IILM Academy of Higher Learning, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh-201306, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In today’s world all the medicinal plants found on the earth have their unique medicinal usages and significances. Their usage is increasing day by day in our daily lives. There are various simple and cheap methods available for finding out about the various medicinal uses medicinal plants contain many bioactive compounds that can be used in the process of curing various human diseases to identify these compounds one can perform the phytochemical screening of various parts of any specific plant. Phytochemicals are non-nutritive chemicals that occur naturally in various types of medicinal plants during metabolic process. They can be used as poisons or as a traditional medicine. In our present study we selected the three medicinal plants: Carica papaya, Piper nigrum, Agave americana, two types of leaves and roots extract were prepared for the phytochemical screening i.e. methanolic extract, aqueous extract (water). All the three selected plants were known for their medicinal properties, and they are widely used for the different types of purposes in pharmaceutical sciences. Agave americana is a well-known plant for their larvacidal activity, skin burns, cuts, injury. It has been reported that Carica papaya is used for the treatment for malaria, is a rich flora in Nigeria. Piper nigrum is used for the various purposes in day to day life for curing sore throat, fever, cold, widely used in various cough syrups also. Phytochemical screening of these medicinal plants showed maximum presence of alkaloids, phenols, sugar, proteins, flavonoids in both the extracts. But, methanolic extracts showed best results than the aqueous one. Presence of saponin only detected in the methanolic extracts. As in aqueous extract, moderate amount of terpenoids and quinones are present.


Keywords: Phytochemical screening, Larvacidal activity, Carica papaya, Agave americana, Piper nigrum
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How to cite this article:

Pallavi Singh, Nainika Tanwar, Trisha Saha, Aishwarya Gupta and Sargam Verma. 2018. Phytochemical Screening and Analysis of Carica papaya, Agave americana and Piper nigrum.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 1786-1794. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.216