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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 1692-1699
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.204


The Biochemistry of Grape Berry Development
Shafia Bashir* and Nirmaljit Kaur
Department of Botany, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana , Punjab, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The grape berry is considered a sink for primary key metabolites and relies on the use of available carbohydrates produced by photosynthesis to support its growth and development. The berry size and quality at the time of harvest mainly depends on water, sugars such as glucose, fructose and sucrose, organic acids (mainly malic and tartaric acids), amino acids (arginine, proline and glutamic acid), phenolic compounds (anthocyanins, flavonoids and tannins) and aroma precursor. The physiological ripening is reached when the grapes achieve sufficiently high levels of sugar without losing too much acidity. The understanding of how and when specific metabolites accumulate and how the metabolism of the fruit of each cultivar responds to the environment is crucial for the viticulturists for improving the grape growing strategies.


Keywords: Grapes, Metabolites, Sugars, phenols
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How to cite this article:

Shafia Bashir and Nirmaljit Kaur. 2018. The Biochemistry of Grape Berry Development.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 1692-1699. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.204