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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 1005-1013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.124


Effect of Mulching on Hydrothermal Regime and Fruit Yield of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill)
Sunil A. Nair*
Department of Plantation crops and Spices, College of Horticulture, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur, Kerala, KAU PO 680656, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Four mulch types (black polyethylene mulch, transparent polyethylene mulch, straw mulch and un mulched) were evaluated to assess the effect caused on soil temperature, soil moisture and fruit yield of tomato. The experiment was carried out during Kharif season under midhills condition of Himachal Pradesh. The results showed that application of polyethylene mulches significantly influenced the hydrothermal regimes viz., soil temperature and soil moisture. Transparent polyethylene mulched plots of (TPM) recorded an increase in maximum temperature and Black polyethylene mulched plots (BPM) showed increase in minimum temperature as compared to un mulched plots of tomato. Data on soil moisture revealed maximum soil moisture conservation under black polyethylene mulch followed by transparent polyethylene mulch and straw mulch. Black polyethylene mulch recorded 13.08 % higher soil moisture content as compared to un mulched plots. Observations on fruit yield/plot showed yield increase of 50.66 % in plots mulched with black polyethylene mulch over un mulched plots followed by transparent polyethylene mulch. Amongst the various treatments, intra-row aligned plots of 50 micron thickness of BPM (M2) recorded the maximum fruit yield (38.67 kg/plot)


Keywords: Mulching, Soil temperature, Soil moisture, Hydrothermal regime, Polyethylene, Mulch levels, Fruit yield
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How to cite this article:

Sunil A. Nair. 2018. Effect of Mulching on Hydrothermal Regime and Fruit Yield of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 1005-1013. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.124