Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019) [Effective from January 1, 2019]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 975-987
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.121


Occurrence and Distribution of Multiple Antibiotic Resistance Bacteria of Public Health Significance in Backwaters and Aquaculture Farm
Hemanta Pokhrel1, Sangipran Baishya1, Bipul Phukan1, Devika Pillai2 and Mohd Ashraf Rather3*
1College of Fisheries Science, AAU, Raha, Nagaon- Assam, India
2School of Aquaculture and Biotechnology, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, India
3College of Fisheries, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Resistance to antimicrobial agents among clinically important pathogens in the community and environment has compromised therapy and requires constant monitoring of emerging pathogens. Current investigation was aimed at determining the antimicrobial resistance pattern in bacteria isolated from public water body near a hospital and also from two fish farms which used the same water for aquaculture. Of 105 isolates, maximum number of isolates belonged to the Enterobacter spp. Multiple antibiotic resistance (MAR), i.e. resistance to more than two antibiotics, occurred in almost 100% of Enterobacter spp. and Streptococcus spp. Of the total 105 isolates, only 6.66% were susceptible to all the antibiotics. Of the 93.33% isolates, 6.1% were resistant to three antibiotics, 44.89% were resistant to 4 to 10 antibiotics 48.97% were resistant to more than 10 antibiotics. Most strains exhibited multi drug resistant character and all the isolates had a very high MARindex, suggesting the origin of the isolates is from an area highly contaminated with antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance indices were found to be highest for Enterobacter spp followed by Streptococcus spp and lowest for Vibrio and Aeromonas group. The results highlight a much higher risk of spreading of MAR from terrestrial environment to aquatic environment which will distinctly affect aquaculture production.


Keywords: Antibiotic resistance, Antimicrobials, Antibiotic resistance index, Multiple antibiotic resistance
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Hemanta Pokhrel, Sangipran Baishya, Bipul Phukan, Devika Pillai and Mohd Ashraf Rather. 2018. Occurrence and Distribution of Multiple Antibiotic Resistance Bacteria of Public Health Significance in Backwaters and Aquaculture Farm.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 975-987. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.121