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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 762-768
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.096


A Retrospective Evaluation of Vaginitis in Women of Reproductive Age Group in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Solapur, India
Sadiya Shaikh, Prakash Waghmare*, Anu Sharma, Kishor Ingole and Rashmi Bawane
Department of Microbiology, Dr.V.M.Government Medical College, Solapur,Maharashtra 413 003, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Vaginitis in women can be caused by aerobic bacteria, Trichomonas vaginalis, yeast or it can be bacterial vaginosis which can lead to various gynaecological and obstetrical complications. This is a retrospective study aimed at determining the prevalence of vaginitis due to various microorganisms. A total of 500 women in the reproductive age group attending the tertiary care hospital over the last 2 years were included in the study. The vaginal swabs of these patients were subjected to Gram’s staining & wet mount to identify T.vaginalis, budding yeast and clue cells. All vaginal specimens were cultured for aerobic bacteria and fungi and identified according to standard microbiological techniques. Out of 500 women, 185 (37%) had vaginal infection. The most common identified vaginal infections were aerobic bacteria i.e. E. coli (36.8%), Klebsiella spp. (13.05%), Acinetobacter spp. (8.65%), Staph. Aureus (6.49%), Citrobacter spp. (4.32%), Pseudomonas spp (3.8%) and Group B Streptococci (3.24%) followed by Candidiasis (21.62%), Trichomoniasis (9.73%) and Bacterial vaginosis (6.49%). Gram negative bacteria revealed high level of sensitivity to Meropenem (93%), Amikacin (81.9%) and Ciprofloxacin (61.7%) and were found resistant to Ceftriaxone, Ceftazidime, Cotrimoxazole and Ampicillin. Thus the study reveals that vaginal infections by E. coli and Klebsiella followed by Candida spp., Trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis are common problems in women of reproductive age group. The treatment option varies according to the aetiology. Therefore, diagnosis of vaginal infections in women of reproductive age group should be done to prevent the injudicial use of chemotherapeutic agents to avoid further complications.


Keywords: Vaginitis, Bacteria vaginosis, Aerobic bacteria, Yeast, Trichomonas vaginalis, Reproductive age group, Gram stain, Wet mount
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How to cite this article:

Sadiya Shaikh, Prakash Waghmare, Anu Sharma, Kishor Ingole and Rashmi Bawane. 2018. A Retrospective Evaluation of Vaginitis in Women of Reproductive Age Group in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Solapur, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 762-768. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.096