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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 51-63
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.008


Path Coefficient and Correlation Studies of Yield and Yield Associated Traits in Advanced Homozygous Lines of Bread Wheat Germplasm
Preeti Sharma*, M.C. Kamboj, Narender Singh, Mehar Chand and R.K. Yadava
CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Regional Research Station, Karnal-132001, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The one hundred and seventy advanced homozygous lines were undertaken for estimates of mutual correlations vis-a-vis path analysis for grain yield with ten morphological traits Coefficient of variation being in the range of 1.40- 8.34 indicated adequacy of material and the traits studied for further estimation of genetic variability parameters. Mean squares due to genotypes were highly significant for all the characters observed, indicating the presence of adequate genetic variability for all the character studied. Heritability (broad sense) estimates were quite high for grain yield per plant followed by hundred grain weight and number of effective tillers per plant. The genotypic correlation coefficient is higher in magnitude as compared to that of respective phenotypic correlation coefficient and hence indicated the strong inherent nature of the characters studied. Improvement can be realized to an extent ranging from 66 to 30 per cent for grain yield per plant, tillers per plant, hundred grain weight, and grain weight per spike. Highly significant and positive association was observed between grain weight per spike and spike weight. The high direct effects in positive direction for the dependent variable i.e., grain yield per plant was recorded for number of effective tillers per plant followed by number of grains per spike, and hundred grain weight. In general, the indirect effects of the characters towards grain yield per plant were low, but the main contributors are tillers per plant, number of grains per spike and hundred grain weight. The characters viz., number of grains per spike, hundred grain weight, number of effective tillers per plant coupled with spike weight and grain weight per spike exhibiting strong positive association with grain yield indicate that selection based on these morphological traits could definitely lead to improvement in grain yield.


Keywords: Bread wheat, correlation, Path coefficient analysis, Direct effect and indirect effects
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How to cite this article:

Preeti Sharma, M.C. Kamboj, Narender Singh, Mehar Chand and Yadava, R.K. 2018. Path Coefficient and Correlation Studies of Yield and Yield Associated Traits in Advanced Homozygous Lines of Bread Wheat Germplasm.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 51-63. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.008