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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(1): 3410-3426
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.403


Myco-toxins Monitoring Device and their Management Strategies through Detoxifying Agents in Feed
Shrvan Kumar, Asha Sinha, Shweta Meshram, Mukesh Kumar Singh,Vimla Singh and K.S. Hooda
1Mycology and Plant Pathology, IAS, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (U.P.) – 221005
2Divison of Plant Pathology, IARI, New Delhi-110012, India
3Genetics and Plant Breeding, IAS, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (U.P.) – 221005
4Indian Institute of Maize Research, IARI Campus, New Delhi -110012, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The naturally toxigenic fungal flora, existing in conjunction with food production is most dominated genera namely, Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium and to lesser extent the Alternaria, Claviceps and Stachybotrys. More than 300 mycotoxins are known to exist in nature. The economically important species of fungi producing significant mycotoxins as: aflatoxins (AFs), citrinin (CIT), cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), fumonisins (FBs), moniliformin (MON), ochratoxin A (OTA), deoxynivalenol (DON), nivalenol (NIV), T-2 toxin (T-2),  patulin (PAT) and zearalenone (ZEA). Several impacts on consumers, such as loss of human and animal lives; health care and veterinary care costs; contaminated foods and feeds disposal costs; and investment in research and management of the myco-toxin problem. Myco-toxins are able to induce powerful and diverse biological effects. Diverse actions of myco-toxins have been characterized on animals and humans to include cytotoxic, carcinogenic, immunosuppressive, nephrotoxic, neurotoxic, mutagenic and oestrogenic effects. Pre and post-harvest management strategies are most important for management of toxicogenic fungi in food materials. Mycotoxin-detoxifying agents for reduction of the contamination of feed by mycotoxins that substances can suppress or reduce the absorption, promote the excretion of mycotoxins or modify their mode of action. These feed additives transform mycotoxins into less toxic metabolites either by reducing their bioavailability or by degrading them. Therefore, we can define at least two main categories; including first various mycotoxin adsorbing agents and second bio-transforming agents leads to degradation of mycotoxins into non-toxic metabolites. And also advanced detection techniques are help in ultra-trace  amount of myco-toxin in food products as like; bio-sensors (1) electrochemical biosensors, 2) optical biosensors 3)electronic biosensors, 4)piezoelectric biosensors, 5) gravimetric biosensors, 6) pyro-electric biosensors.


Keywords: Mycotoxin, Biosensors, Detoxifying agents, Adsorbing agents, Bio-transforming agents
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How to cite this article:

Shrvan Kumar, Asha Sinha, Shweta Meshram, Mukesh Kumar Singh, Vimla Singh and K.S. Hooda. 2018. Myco-toxins Monitoring Device and their Management Strategies through Detoxifying Agents in Feed.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(1): 3410-3426. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.403