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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(1): 3216-3219
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.384


A Study on Awareness of Bone Health among Middle Aged Women in Urban Area of Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India
Meenu Sirohi* and Kalpna Gupta
Department of Food and Nutrition, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

After menopause several physiological and psychological changes occur among middle aged women. Among all these changes the most affected change is bone loss. After this phenomenon the absorption of calcium and vitamin D is reduced this affects the bone health and causes osteoporosis. Poor bone health is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among middle aged menopausal women globally. The menopausal transition is characterized by rapid bone loss. It has been proved by various researches that the prevention of poor bone health and fractures related to low bone mineral density can be achieved by the initiation of sound healthy behaviors early in life and continuing them throughout life. It is said that prevention is better than cure and these lines are fit for checking the occurrence of osteoporosis. Healthy diet along with regular physical activity or exercise like walking, aerobic exercise, yoga, swimming etc. through the early phase of life can be helpful in maintaining the bone health and counteract the risk of osteoporosis. Nutrition is one of the major determinants of osteoporosis along with physical activity and exercise. Calcium and vitamin D along with other nutrients like potassium, magnesium, ascorbic acid etc. can be taken either from diet or through supplementation. Dairy products are the best source of calcium, vitamin D and other nutrients. Except from diet Vitamin D can be produced endogenously through the action of sunlight. Vitamin D promotes calcium absorption and thereby enhances bone mineralization whereas other nutrients like potassium and magnesium acts like buffers and counteracts the leaching of nutrients from bones thus inhibit demineralization of bones.


Keywords: Bone health, Calcium, Vitamin D, Menopause, Nutrients, Osteoporosis
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How to cite this article:

Meenu Sirohi and Kalpna Gupta. 2018. A Study on Awareness of Bone Health among Middle Aged Women in Urban Area of Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(1): 3216-3219. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.384