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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(1): 3970-2985
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.355


Zoning and Trend Analysis of Temperatures for Fruit Crops in North-West India Using GIS
Mohan Singh1, Ram Niwas1, M.L. Khichar1 and A.K. Godara2
1Department of Agricultural Meteorology, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana, India
2Department of Fruit Science, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Study was conducted to quantify trend in temperatures, its variability and spatial distribution and its influence on fruit production in north-west India for this purpose more than 30 years data on maximum and minimum temperatures of twenty two different agrometeorological stations of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Utrakhand, Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan were used in this study. The temperature data was analyzed for computation of annual normal temperature and the coordinates were converted (into decimal system) for each meteorological station, for spatial analysis. Temperature trends for different meteorological stations in hills, plains of north-west India were evaluated using trend analysis. The map of north-west India was digitized and different temperature zones for maximum, minimum and mean temperature were delineated using GIS. Out of 22 stations, half of the stations showed a significant positive trend and another half negative trend in maximum temperature. A significant positive trend in minimum temperature of twenty stations but negative trend at Srinagar and Ranichauri was observed. Mean temperature showed significant positive trend at seventeen but negative at five stations. In north-west India as a whole a significant positive trend in annual maximum temperature (0.1 to 3.0°C/100 years), annual minimum temperature (1.5 to 1.6°C/100years) and in mean temperature (1.1 to 2.5°C/100 years) was observed. The North-west India was divided into six zones of maximum temperature, seven zones of minimum temperature and five zones of mean temperature by taking a class interval of 2.5°C. The study can be further refined by including the historical temperatures data of more and more meteorological stations located in the study area for better results.


Keywords: North-west India, Maximum and minimum temperatures, Annual and seasonal trend, Shift in weather, Temperatures zones
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How to cite this article:

Mohan Singh, Ram Niwas, M.L. Khichar and Godara, A.K. 2018. Zoning and Trend Analysis of Temperatures for Fruit Crops in North-West India Using GIS.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(1): 3970-2985. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.355