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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(1): 1493-1501
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.182


Multiple Antibiotic Resistance among Listeria Strains, Including Listeria monocytogenes Isolated from Animals of Gujarat State, India
Mahendra Mohan Yadav1*, Ashish Roy2 and Bharat Bhanderi2
1Zonal Agricultural Research Station, Shenda Park, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India
2Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anand, Gujarat – 388 001, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

There is scarcity of information on multiple drug resistance strains of Listeria spp. especially in Indian conditions from animal environment. Present study reports the multiple drug resistance strains of Listeria spp isolated from animal and its environment. All the confirmed 48 Listeria isolates were characterized by biochemical test and in vitro pathogenicity test. For antimicrobial susceptibility / resistance, Bauer-Kirby disc diffusion assay was carried out. Results indicated that a high per cent of isolates were resistant to carbenicillin (93.75 %) followed by colistin and norfloxacin (91.68 % each), cephaloridine (89.59 %), and cephalexin (81.25 %), kanamycin and sulphadiazine (64.58 % each), cloxacillin, streptomycin (60.42 % each), co-trimoxazole (52.08 %), trimethoprim (50.00 %), amikacin (47.92 %), pefloxacin (37.50 %), novobiocin, gentamicin (31.25 % each), oxytetracycline (27.08 %), ampicillin, cephalothin (22.92% each); lesser per cent of isolates were observed resistant for vancomycin (18.75 %), erythromycin (16.67 %), penicillin-G (14.58 %), chloramphenicol (12.50 %), tetracycline (10.42 %), while least number of resistant isolates were observed against amoxycillin (6.25 %), amoxyclav (4.16 %), and enrofloxacin (2.07 %). Taking overall antibiotic sensitivity pattern of the Listeria spp. isolated into consideration, the present findings indicate the presence of multiple drug resistance in Listeria spp. isolated from animal samples pointing towards an increase in the potential threat to animal and human health posed by this pathogen.


Keywords: Listeria, L. monocytogenes, Animals, Multiple drug resistance, Disc diffusion assay
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How to cite this article:

Mahendra Mohan Yadav, Ashish Roy and Bharat Bhanderi. 2018. Multple Antibiotic Resistance among Listeria Strains, Including Listeria monocytogenes Isolated from Animals of Gujarat State, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(1): 1493-1501. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.182