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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(1): 1330-1342
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.162


Microsatellite Markers as a Tool for Characterization of Small Ruminants: A Review
Peer Mohmmad Azhar1*, D. Chakraborty2, Zaffar Iqbal1, Abrar A. Malik3, Ajaz qaudir3, Arshaq Asfar3 and Imtiyaz Ahmad Bhat3
1Department of Animal Genetics & Breeding, Shuhama, SKUAST-K, India
2Department of Animal Genetics & Breeding, R.S. Pura. SKUAST-J, India
3Faculty of veterinary science and Animal Husbandary SKUAST-K, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Microsatellites are short tandem nucleotide repeats usually 2-6bp, highly polymorphic in nature, and are found scattered throughout the genome of eukaryotes. Microsatellites are also called short tandem repeats (STR) or simple sequence repeats (SSR), due to the nature of nucleotide repeats which can be mono, di, tri, penta and hexa. They are the most commonest markers used for genetic characterization in various farm animal, which is based on DNA sequence polymorphisms, which are identified by constructing PCR primers for the DNA flanking the microsatellite region. The genetic characterization of domestic animals is part and first step of the FAO for the Management of Farm Animal Genetic Resources. To conserve a population it is important to know how unique or how different it is from other populations. For molecular characterization of native livestock and poultry breeds using microsatellite markers a number of research programs have been undertaken. In order to study animal biodiversity, conservation and management of animal genetic resources the information regarding molecular characterization of indigenous animals very useful.


Keywords: Microsatellite markers, Simple sequence repeats, Molecular characterization
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How to cite this article:

Peer Mohmmad Azhar, D. Chakraborty, Zaffar Iqbal, Abrar A. Malik, Ajaz qaudir, Arshaq Asfar and Imtiyaz Ahmad Bhat. 2018. Microsatellite Markers as a Tool for Characterization of Small Ruminants: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(1): 1330-1342. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.162