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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(1): 1253-1261
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.152


Integrated Disease Management Capsule for Wilt/Root Rot Complex of Chili
Waseem Ali Dar*, Mir Gh. Hassan, Pervaiz Ahmad Sheikh, Baby Summuna and Shabir Ahmad Ganaie
Division of Plant Pathology, S. K. University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar, Srinagar-190025, Jammu and Kashmir, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present investigation was conducted to assess the wilt/root rot incidence in chilli (Capsicum annum) in Kashmir and to examine management practices. Survey was carried out in three districts of Kashmir viz., Ganderbal, Baramullah and Pulwama during 2016. Damping-off and wilt/root rot incidence in the districts varied from 7-34 and 11-52% respectively with maximum in disease incidence in district in Ganderbal and minimum in Pulwama. The pathogens responsible for wilt/root rot are Fusarium pallidoroseum, F. oxysporum, F. solani, Phytophthora capsici, R. solani and Sclerotium rolfsii and Pythium sp. was observed to be incitant of damping-off. Wilt/root rot and damping-off being soil borne, the primary infections are needed to be controlled with suitable fungicides. Field experiments were conducted to study the disease control with different fungicides alone or in combination with bioagents. The results indicated that minimum wilt/root rot incidence (7.0%) and maximum dry fruit yield 74.73 q/ha was recorded in treatment combination of carbendazim (seed treatment) + metalaxyl (seedling dip) + hexaconazole (foliar spray) as compared to other possible combinations and their individual treatments. Wilt/root rot and dry fruit yield of chilli was investigated in response to various levels of organic amendments (FYM 20, 30 and 40 t/ha and vermicompost 10, 15 and 20 t/ha) alone and in combination with the recommended nitrogen fertilizer dose (RFD). Also, the impact of split doses of fertilizer application 60:60, 60:30:30, 40:40:40 and 80:40 on wilt/root rot complex was assessed. Vermicompost 20 q/ha + RFD was most effective in reducing the wilt/root rot incidence up to (21.0%) and increased dry fruit yield of chilli (55.10 q/ha) when compared to control.


Keywords: Disease management capsule, Chili
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How to cite this article:

Waseem Ali Dar, Mir Gh. Hassan, Pervaiz Ahmad Sheikh, Baby Summuna and Shabir Ahmad Ganaie. 2018. Integrated Disease Management Capsule for Wilt/Root Rot Complex of Chili.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(1): 1253-1261. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.152