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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(1): 257-263
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.028


Effect of Bumble Bee Pollination on Quality and Yield of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) Grown Under Protected Conditions
Panma Yankit*, Kiran Rana, Harish Kumar Sharma, Meena Thakur and R.K. Thakur
Department of Entomology, Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, (HP)-173230, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The effectiveness of the bumble bee Bombus haemorrhoidalis Smith (Hymenoptera: Apidae) was evaluated and compared to non-bumble bee pollinated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) crop grown under protected conditions. Some qualitative and quantitative characteristics such as day to first fruit harvest, number of fruits, fruit size, in treatments with or without bumble bee colony were recorded. Results based on measurements of mentioned parameters showed highly significant difference. Laboratory reared bumble bee colony utilized for pollination of tomato cultivar (Solan Lalima) grown inside polyhouse resulted in increased number of fruits per cluster (6.76 fruits/cluster), number of fruits (75.80 fruits/plant), fruit length (5.16cm), fruit breadth (5.75cm), fruit weight (93.87g), fruit yield (12.7kg/m2) and healthy fruits (90.33%). Reduction in number of misshapen fruits (9.8%), number of seeds (102.95 seeds/fruit), 1000 seed weight (6.32gm) over control crop was also observed in bumble bee pollinated crop. Bumble bee pollination accounted per cent increase in number of fruits per plant, healthy fruits, fruit length, fruit breadth, fruit weight, fruit yield, number of seeds and 1000 seed weight by 38.41, 21.94, 46.45, 50.82, 57.66, 64.79, 78.54 and 78.80 per cent, respectively.


Keywords: Bombus haemorrhoidalis, Tomato, Pollination, Polyhouse, Bumble bee
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How to cite this article:

Panma Yankit, Kiran Rana, Harish Kumar Sharma, Meena Thakur and Thakur, R.K. 2018. Effect of Bumble Bee Pollination on Quality and Yield of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) Grown Under Protected Conditions.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(1): 257-263. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.028