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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(12): 3580-3592
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.415


Integrated Disease Management of Storage Rot of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) caused by Fusarium sp. in Himachal Pradesh, India
Sushma Sharma1, Netra Prakash Dohroo2, Shanmugam Veerubommu3, Sumitra Phurailatpam2, Neelam Thakur4 and Ajar Nath Yadav5*
1Department of Agriculture, Akal College of Agriculture, Eternal University, Baru Sahib, Sirmour, India
2Department of Plant Pathology, Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan, India
3Division of Plant Pathology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India
4Department of Zoology, Akal College of Basic Sciences,Eternal University, Baru Sahib, Sirmour, India
5Microbial Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Akal College of Agriculture, Eternal University, Baru Sahib, Sirmour, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The over use of chemical pesticides causes environmental and health problems have been the matter of concern so integrated disease management can be an alternative good source. Storage rot of ginger (Zingiber officinale) is caused by destructive and versatile pathogen Fusarium species. The integrated management of storage rot of ginger was done by using fungicides, biocontrol and hot water treatment. In present investigation, the samples were collected different region of Himachal Pradesh, A total of six fungi were isolated from stored diseased rhizomes and identified using ITS gene sequencing as Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporum, Penicillium digitatum, Pythium ultimum, Rhizopus oryzae and Verticillium chlamydosporium. The relative frequency distributions of fungi causing storage rot of ginger have been studied. Among different fungi causing storage rot of ginger in storage pits and heaps, the frequency occurrence of Fusarium oxysporum was found maximum (51%) followed by Pythium ultimum. In integrated management studies, the minimum incidence of storage rot was recorded in treatments when used in combination, Carbendazim + HWT (Hot water treatment) + Trichoderma harzianum (7.20%) and HWT + Mancozeb + T. harzianum (12.23%) after 30 days of storage as compared to control (39.30%). Similarly, highest rhizome recovery (86.53%) was obtained in treatment Carbendazim + HWT + T. harzianum in comparison to control. Since, there are no single effective management practices against the storage rot disease so far, a well-coordinated effort is required to develop an integrated disease management program that will help to minimize the damage caused by the disease.


Keywords: Curing, Fusarium; Ginger, Integrated disease management, Rot.
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How to cite this article:

Sushma Sharma, Netra Prakash Dohroo, Shanmugam Veerubommu, Sumitra Phurailatpam, Neelam Thakur and Ajar Nath Yadav. 2017. Integrated Disease Management of Storage Rot of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) caused by Fusarium sp. in Himachal Pradesh, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(12): 3580-3592. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.415