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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(12): 3536-3542
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.411


Proximate Composition of Five Varieties of Spontaneous Leafy Vegetables Regularly Consumed In Côte D’Ivoire Areas
Stéphane-Joël Ehouan Ehilé1,2*, Nestor Kouakou Kouassi1, Denis Yao N’Dri1, Adam Kouamé Camille1 and Georges N’Guessan Amani1
1Laboratory of Food Biochemistry and Tropical Products Technology, Department of Food Science and Technology, NanguiAbrogoua University, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire
2Department of Pharmacy, University Hospital Center of Cocody, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The aim of the study was to investigate on nutrient composition of Vernonia amygdalina (Abôvi), Talinum triangulare (Anangobrou), Ximenia americana (Kogolémrou), Piper guineense (Fèfèbrou) and Ceibapentandra (Nanmougou), five varieties of spontaneous leafy vegetables regularly consumed in Côte d'Ivoire. The fresh samples were analyzed for selected proximate constituents, nutrients and antinutrients. Results of proximate analysis showed dry matter (88.017 - 93.970 %), ash (6.001 - 22.001 %) and crude fiber (15.082 - 25.061 %). Kogolémrou had the highest protein (28.001 %). Substantial micronutrients amounts were obtained for Fèfèbrou with 0.309 mg/100 g (β-carotene) and 0.4450 mg/ 100 g (iron). Abôvi had the high test content of vitamin B9 (11041 mg/100 g) and Anangobrou was richest in potassium (7372 mg/100 g), calcium (1629 mg/100 g) and magnesium (1780 mg/100 g). The sodium / potassium ratio was under 1 for all species. Appreciable level of polyphenols (10.17 - 16.73 mg/100 g) was recorded. In view of this, studied leafy vegetables constitute good sources of nutrients and could contribute to prevent diseases and remedy rural population diets deficiency.


Keywords: Spontaneous leafy vegetables, Proximate composition, Nutrients, Antinutrients, Diets deficiency.
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How to cite this article:

Stéphane-JoëlEhouan Ehilé, Nestor Kouakou Kouassi, Denis Yao N’Dri, Adam Kouamé Camille and Georges N’Guessan Amani. 2017. Proximate Composition of Five Varieties of Spontaneous Leafy Vegetables Regularly Consumed in Côte D’Ivoire Areas.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(12): 3536-3542. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.411