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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(12): 2983-2990
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.348


Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation in Elderly Patients with Hip Fractures
Vydehi Veeramalla1 and Ashwin Kasturi2*
1Consultant Biochemist, Anupama Hospital, KPHB Colony, Kukutpalli,Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2Department of Orthopedics, Mallareddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Hip fracture contributes to both morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Adequate levels of calcium and vitamin D are needed to ensure optimum effects of the treatments for osteoporosis. 41 elderly patients above the age of 60 years with low energy hip fractures were included into the study. After ascertaining the cognition levels, blood was collected from all the patients for the evaluation of Total calcium and vitamin D. One week after the operation, the diet of the patients was advised along with the intake of the calcium 1000mg/day for 12 weeks and vitamin D3 50,000IU/week for 8 weeks and 2000IU/day for next 4 weeks as supplements. The mean age for the men was 79.6 years and in women it was 75.7 years. The men were predominantly overweight, with 5 out of 12 patients and 2 were under weight. However, among the women, 11 out of 29 patients were overweight and 9 obese. The calcium levels in the males before supplements were 2.1 ± 0.9 mmol/l and in females it was 1.9 ± 0.3 mmol/l. This level increased to 2.4 ± 1.2 mmol/l and 2.2 ± 0.9 mmol/l respectively after three months of treatment with the supplements. Similarly, the vitamin D levels were 68 ± 23nmol/l in males and 71 ± 21nmol/l in females at base line which increased to 323 ± 41nmol/l and 329± 45nmol/l in males and females respectively after three months of treatment with the supplements. Calcium and vitamin D represents a correctable risk factor for fragility fracture in the elderly, possibly specifically for the hip.


Keywords: Calcium, Vitamin D, Elderly patients, Supplements.
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How to cite this article:

Vydehi Veeramalla and Ashwin Kasturi. 2017. Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation in Elderly Patients with Hip Fractures.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(12): 2983-2990. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.348