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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(12): 1638-1647
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.184


Seasonal Variations in Physico-Chemical Properties of Yamuna Water and its Suitability for Irrigation
Rama Pal*, R.K. Dubey, S.K. Dubey and A.K. Singh
ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Centre, Chhalesar, Agra 282 006 (Uttar Pradesh), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Indian urbanisation at fast pace has led to increased wastewater discharge into river Yamuna which is intensively used for irrigation in urban, peri-urban and rural areas. In this backdrop, water quality of Yamuna was assessed at six sites along a stretch from Mathura, Agra and Etawah during winters, summers, rainy and post-rainy seasons. The pH of Yamuna water (7.01-7.84) did not register conspicuous variations in different seasons and sites. Other physico-chemical parameters were maximum during summers (EC: 2.6 - 3 dS/m, bicarbonate: 4.2 - 5.2 meq l-l, chloride: 7.0-8.6 meq l-l, sodium adsorption ratio (SAR): 5.1 - 8.28 and boron: 1.2 - 2.0 mg l-1). Nitrate was maximum (5.6 - 6.8 mgl-1) during rainy season. Residual sodium carbonate (RSC) remained negative in all seasons and sites. Since, several physico-chemical parameters varied within slight to moderate restrictive use range, therefore, Yamuna water can be used for irrigation with certain recommended precautions.


Keywords: Bicarbonates, Boron, Nitrate, Sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), Residual sodium carbonate (RSC).
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How to cite this article:

Rama Pal, R.K. Dubey, S.K. Dubey and Singh, A.K. 2017. Seasonal Variations in Physico-Chemical Properties of Yamuna Water and its Suitability for Irrigation.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(12): 1638-1647. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.184