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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(12): 1419-1424
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.159


Prevalence and Antibiogram of MRSA Isolated from Patient Samples and Health Care Workers in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Puducherry, India
S. Pramodhini1, S. Stephen1*, J. Shanmugam1 and K. Renuka2
1Department of Microbiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry, India
2Kasturba Gandhi Nursing College, Puducherry,Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

MRSA is of serious concern in health care settings as the organism is not only resistant to methicillin but also to many other antimicrobials used for treatment. This study has been carried to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of MRSA isolated from patient samples and health care workers. A prospective analytical study carried out on 450clinical samples from patients and 100 nasal swab from health care workers in tertiary care hospital, Puducherry. All Staphylococcus aureus isolates identified by conventional phenotypic methods were screened for methicillin resistance by Cefoxitin disc diffusion test. Out of 450 pus samples, 90(20%) were Staphylococcus aureus, of which, 30(33.3%) were methicillin resistant. Out of 100 nasal swab screened from health care workers, 18(18%) were Staphylococcus aureus, of which 5(27.8%) were methicillin resistant. All the MRSA isolates were found to be 100% sensitive to vancomycin, teicoplanin and linezolid. Treatment of multi drug resistant MRSA is still problematic because of limited choice of antibiotic and the option of drug for empirical therapy for staphylococcal infections depends on susceptibility data for the local geographic area.


Keywords: Methicillin resistant, Nasal swab, Prevalence, Multidrug resistant, Virulence.
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How to cite this article:

Pramodhini, S., S. Stephen, J. Shanmugam and Renuka, K. 2017. Prevalence and Antibiogram of MRSA Isolated from Patient Samples and Health Care Workers in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Puducherry, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(12): 1419-1424. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.159