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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(12): 1327-1333
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.150


Identification of Potential Reference miRNA for qRT-PCR Studies in Cancers Using miRNA-seq Data
Rajesh Kumar, Avinash Marwal and R.K. Gaur*
Department of Biosciences, College of Arts, Science and Humanities, Mody University, Lakshmangarh, Sikar – 332311, Rajasthan, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) is a low cost, rapid, accurate method for quantification of gene expression. Accuracy of qRT-PCR expression quantification is highly dependable on selected reference genes or miRNAs as these genes or miRNAs work as internal controls for normalization to quantify expression among different samples. Problems have been reported with steady expression or stability of reference genes in various conditions. Thus suitable reference genes or miRNAs need to be identified in various experimental conditions. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Level 3 miRNA expression data for 11 cancers were collected, after pre-processing data from 4 cancers having 102 normal samples and 1428 tumor samples was used to find potential reference miRNA. Mean, coefficient of variation among normal and tumor samples were checked to find highly, stably expressed miRNAs between normal and tumor conditions. We found 32 potential qRT-PCR reference miRNAs in 3 out of 4 cancer types. 15 miRNA were found in cholangiocarcinoma (CHOL), 13 miRNA in kidney renal papillary cell carcinoma (KIRP) and 4 miRNA in stomach and esophageal carcinoma (STES). We did not find any miRNA passing all selection criteria in glioma (GBMLGG). In this study we used TCGA data to find potential qRT-PCR reference miRNAs in 4 cancers. We performed computational analysis of 1530 expression profiles of both normal and tumor conditions from 4 human cancer types and found total 32 stably and highly expressed potential reference miRNAs in 3 out of 4 cancer types. Data generated using next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies can be very helpful in finding reference qRT-PCR miRNAs.


Keywords: TCGA, qRT-PCR, Reference miRNA cancer.
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How to cite this article:

Rajesh Kumar, Avinash Marwal and Gaur, R.K. 2017. Identification of Potential Reference miRNA for qRT-PCR Studies in Cancers Using miRNA-seq Data.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(12): 1327-1333. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.150