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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(12): 1116-1131
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.126


Bioremediation - A Progressive Approach toward Reducing Plastic Wastes
Bunty Sharma1, Himanshi Rawat2, Pooja3 and Ruchika Sharma4*
1Chitkara School of Health Sciences, Chitkara University, Chandigarh, Punjab, India
2Doon PG Paramedical College and Hospital, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
3Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana, India
4Biotechnology Laboratory, Division of Crop Improvement, ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research, Karnal, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Plastic has become an indispensable part of every sphere of human life due to its high quality, durability and inexpensiveness, etc. Hence, an innovative method of bioremediation should be adopted, that utilizes the potential of microbes in degrading such non-biodegradable plastics. Various chemical and biological approaches are involved in degradation of plastic, but from ecofriendly way biological approaches are in more common trend today, which involves use of microbes for hydro-biodegradation and oxo-biodegradation of the polymers following photo degradation and chemical degradation of the plastic. It has been found by previous researches that different groups of microbes including bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes etc have versatile property of degrading both natural and synthetic plastics by converting non-biodegradable plastics into low molecular weight polymers, CO2, water, biogases like methane and other less harmful components by modifying their crystalline level, molecular weight and mechanical properties that are responsible for their resistance towards easy degradation. This review mainly focused on new innovative ways to utilize microbial activity in reducing environmental pollution to a vast extent making this planet a safe home to live, and directly preventing the humans, animals, plants and soil from harmful consequences of plastic pollution.


Keywords: Bioremediation, Plastics, Degradation, Pollution, Environment.
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How to cite this article:

Bunty Sharma, Himanshi Rawat, Pooja and Ruchika Sharma. 2017. Bioremediation - A Progressive Approach toward Reducing Plastic Wastes.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(12): 1116-1131. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.126