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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(12): 275-297
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.034


A Study on the Diversity and Habitat Specificity of Macrofungi of Assam, India
Assma Parveen, Lipika Khataniar, Gunajit Goswami, Dibya Jyoti Hazarika, Pompi Das, Trishnamoni Gautom, Madhumita Barooah and Robin Chandra Boro*
Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-13, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Studies on the taxonomy and diversity of macrofungi have gained significance during the recent years, as many macrofungi are facing the risk of extinction because of habitat destruction. We report, here a systematic and detailed study on the diversity and distribution of wild mushrooms in the state of Assam, India, based on phenotypic and molecular characteristics. A total 44 samples were collected from various locations of Assam in different seasons during 2013-2015. Out of the total 44 samples, about 18 macrofungi species occurred during summer season, 9 species were recorded during rainy, 13 species were frequently found during autumn, 5 species in winter and 8 species were prominent during spring. The soil was found as major habitat for 18 collected species, while 10 species were collected from the tree/hardwood tree. This study indicated that the diversity and distribution of macrofungi are dependent on the plant community and the environmental conditions. Molecular characterization based on rDNA -ITS- ((Internal transcribed spacer) sequences revealed that the 44 samples belonged to 16 macrofungal families. Out of the 44 samples, 23 samples were reported to be edible and amongst the rest 21 non-edible strains, 5 strains have medicinal properties, 6 strains are poisonous, two has industrial application and the rest have not been fully explored.


Keywords: Macrofungi, Diversity, Wild-edible, Morphological study, ITS.
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How to cite this article:

Assma Parveen, Lipika Khataniar, Gunajit Goswami, Dibya Jyoti Hazarika, Pompi Das, Trishnamoni Gautom, Madhumita Barooah and Robin Chandra Boro. 2017. A Study on the Diversity and Habitat Specificity of Macrofungi of Assam, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(12): 275-297. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.034