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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(11): 3698-3705
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.433


A Study on HIV/TB Co-infection in and around Khammam, Telangana, India
Nella Harshini* and B. Anuradha
Mamata medical college, rotary nagar, Khammam, Telangana 507002, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A Study on HIV/TB Co-infection in and Around Khammam, Telangana Tuberculosis is the most common opportunistic infection and the major cause of death in HIV positive patients. In India, the incidence of TB is about 40% in general population and about 25-30% extra cases are due to HIV infection. To study the demographical and clinical factors associated among HIV/TB co-infected patients in and around Khammam. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 107 HIV/TB co-infected patients attending ICTC centre in the district hospital Khammam from July-November 2016. HIV/TB positive with CBNAAT, all age groups, both genders were included in the study. 107 HIV patients were found to be positive for TB by CBNAAT. Rifampicin resistance was detected in 10 patients (9.34%). 54(50.4%) were under pre-antiretroviral therapy and 46(42.9%) were under antiretroviral therapy and others were 7(6.5%). 45(42.05%) patients with HIV/TB co-infection showed CD4 count <200 cells/mm3, 32(29.9%) showed 200-349 cells/mm3, and 6(5.6%) showed 350-500 cells/mm3 and remaining showed >500 cells/mm3. Demographical characters were also considered. P value <0.05 was considered to be significant. The major determinants of HIV/TB co-infection were identified to be low CD4 counts, ART and WHO clinical stages.


Keywords: HIV, TB, Co-infection, CD4 count, CBNAAT.
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How to cite this article:

Nella Harshini and Anuradha, B. 2017. A Study on HIV/TB Co-infection in and around Khammam, Telangana.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(11): 3698-3705. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.433