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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(11): 2830-2836
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.334


Role of Azotobacter sp. Isolates as a Plant Growth Promoting Agent and their Antagonistic Potentiality against Soil Borne Pathogen (Rhizoctonia solani) under in vitro Condition
R. Dey1*, K. Sarkar2, S. Dutta2, S. Murmu2 and N. Mandal1
1Department of Agricultura Biotechnology
2Department of Plant Pathology, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia-741252, West Bengal, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The overdependence of chemical fertilizers in agriculture leads to decrease the fertility of soil and increase the chemical pollution. Thus, it is essential to adopt a new technology which is eco-friendly, cost-effective and reliable. Biofertilizer (Azotobacter, Azospirillum, etc) have been identified as an alternative to chemical fertilizer to increase soil fertility and crop production in sustainable farming. Therefore the present experiment with different isolates of Azotobacter sp. was carried out to find out effective isolate for plant growth promoting activities and biological control. In case of in vitro screening for plant growth promoting efficacy, it was found that chilli seeds bacterized with AZT8 exhibited the highest per cent seed germination (98%) which was followed by AZT6 (86 %) and AZT4 (81%). Root length (4.18cm) and shoot length of chilli seedlings (6.5 cm) were found maximum for the isolate AZT8. The calculated vigour index based on germination percentage, root length and shoot length was also recorded maximum for the isolate AZT8 (1105.445) followed by AZT6 (937.4) and AZT4 (805.95). In case of in vitro antagonistic potentiality test, AZT3 was found the most active isolate against Rhizoctonia solani giving an inhibition zone of 1.1 cm and also 72.2% growth inhibition. Another isolate showing better result, was AZT4, exhibiting zone of inhibition of 0.7 cm and mycelia inhibition of 61.1%. Therefore it may be concluded from the present experiment that AZT8 as plant growth promoting activities and AZT3 as bio control agent can be used in West Bengal.


Keywords: Azotobactersp, Bio fertilizer, Chemical fertilizer, Chilli, Rhizotonia solani.
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How to cite this article:

Dey, R., K. Sarkar, S. Dutta, S. Murmu and Mandal, N. 2017. Role of Azotobacter sp. Isolates as a Plant Growth Promoting Agent and their Antagonistic Potentiality against Soil Borne Pathogen (Rhizoctonia solani) under in vitro Condition.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(11): 2830-2836. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.334