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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(11): 2634-2644
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.309


Mathematical Modeling of Drying Characteristics of Black Pepper (Piper nigrum) in Indirect Type Solar-Biomass Hybrid Dryer
R. Shreelavaniya1*, R. Pangayarselvi2 and S. Kamaraj1
1Department of Bioenergy
2Department of Physical Science and Information Technology, Agricultural Engineering College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University,Coimbatore- 641003, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The initial moisture content of black pepper was 434.8 per cent d.b and was reduced to the final moisture content of 9.4 per cent d.b for a drying period of 12 h in S-BHD and 12.1 per cent (d.b) in OSD for drying period of 83 h. Eleven drying models were used and the coefficients of determination (R2) and constants were evaluated by nonlinear regression to estimate the drying curves of dried black pepper. The Midilli model was found to be more satisfactorily describing the drying process of black pepper in S-BHD with R2 of 0.9999, χ2 of 0.00010, and RMSE of 0.000036. Likewise in OSD method, Logarithmic drying model satisfactorily described the drying process with R2 of 0.9996, χ2 of 0.0000519, and RMSE of 0.0072. The biochemical analysis showed that the final dried black pepper in solar - biomass hybrid dryer contained the highest percentage by weight of oleoresin, piperine and volatile oil which was 11.17 %/ wt, 6.36 % / wt and 5.10 % v / wt likewise 10.53 %/ wt, 5.87 % / wt and 3.80 % v / wt respectively in open sun drying method.


Keywords: Drying model, Black pepper drying, Solar-Biomass hybrid drying, Open sun drying.
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How to cite this article:

Shreelavaniya, R., R. Pangayarselvi and Kamaraj, S. 2017. Mathematical Modeling of Drying Characteristics of Black Pepper (Piper nigrum) in Indirect Type Solar-Biomass Hybrid Dryer.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(11): 2634-2644. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.309