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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(11): 2045-2064
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.243


Evaluation of Oxidative Stress on Soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) and Wheat (Triticum aestivum) Crops in Response to Chlorpyrifos
Nutan Singh*, Pratibha Katiyar and Ajay
Department of Plant Physiology, Indira Gandhi Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Raipur-492012, Chhatishgarh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Study aim to evaluate the effect of chlorpyrifos on several metabolic and stress related parameters associated with pesticide resistance. The experiment was conducted at Indian Institute of Soil Science (ICAR), Bhopal (MP) during 2015-2016, comprising four concentrations of pesticide chlorpyrifos viz. 0%, 0.25%, 0.75% and 1.25%. The commencement of foliar treatment applied on vegetative phase i.e., 30, 45 and 60 days after sowing on soybean (Kharif) and wheat (rabi). The morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics of soybean and wheat were recorded after various doses of pesticide treatment application. It was observed that the increased rate of pesticide treatment significantly decreased the morphological parameters i.e., plant height, number of leaves, leaf area leaf dry weight, stem dry weight, root dry weight. The rate of photosynthesis, transpiration, stomatal conductance decreased with increased concentration of pesticide in soybean and wheat. The peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase activity and structural carbohydrate decreased with increasing level of pesticide treatment in both the experimental crops. Whereas, nitrate reductase, soluble protein and proline content increased with increasing levels of pesticide treatments. However, the increase in soluble protein and protein content was more in wheat as compared to soybean and also shown more resistance towards the oxidative stress.


Keywords: Oxidative stress on soybean, Wheat, Crops.
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How to cite this article:

Nutan Singh, Pratibha Katiyar and Ajay. 2017. Evaluation of Oxidative Stress on Soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) and Wheat (Triticum aestivum) Crops in Response to Chlorpyrifos.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(11): 2045-2064. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.243