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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(11): 1902-1912
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.226


Biotechnology a Modern Tool for Fruits Production - A Review
Anuradha1*, Subhash Chander2 and Arvind Malik1
1Department of Horticulture, CCS Haryana Agricultural University,Hisar-125004, Haryana, India
2Division of Fruit Crops, ICAR-IIHR, Bangalore-560089, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The problem of long juvenility, incompatibility and sterility are the biggest hindrances for the improvement of fruit crops through conventional fruit breeding. To mitigate the biotic and abiotic stresses, improvement is desired in already cultivated cultivar for one or few traits. In that regard, the biotechnological tools will prove quite useful to expedite the rate of fruit crop improvement. For production of quality planting material by tissue culture is commercialized in banana and strawberry. Biotechnological tools such as somaclonal variation and in vitro mutagenesis are the choicest method for varietal development in banana. GCTCV-119 and Novaria are the result of somaclonal variation and in vitro mutagenesis, respectively. Somatic hybridization has been explored for the rootstock and scion improvement of citrus. Somatic hybridization research of almost two decades in citrus is yielding fruit now. Embryo rescue has helped in accelerating the pace of stenospermocarpic grape improvement and ‘Sweet Scarlet’ and ‘Thomcord’ are two of the seedless table grapevines, which were released using this technique. Transgenic variety Rainbow and Sun Up carrying resistance to PRSV are being commercially cultivated in Hawaii of USA. With the introduction of concept of cisgenics, the genetically transformed fruits are likely to get public acceptance. Molecular marker aid great help in early diagnosis of sex of dioecious fruit plant like date palm and papaya. Presently marker linked to resistance for Dagger nematode and pierce disease at university of California in the breeding programs are routinely used for grapevine rootstock improvement. Genome sequencing has unveiled the mystery about various genes, the phylogenetic relationship and evolution history of sequenced fruit crop.


Keywords: Tissue culture, in vitro, Somaclonal variation, Embryo rescue, Molecular marker.
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How to cite this article:

Anuradha, Subhash Chander and Arvind Malik. 2017. Biotechnology a Modern Tool for Fruits Production - A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(11): 1902-1912. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.226