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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(11): 1187-1205
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.142


Alternative Arable Cropping Strategies: A Key to Enhanced Productivity, Resource-Use-Efficiency, and Soil-Health under Subtropical Climatic Condition
R.K. Naresh1*, Ashok Kumar2, Mukesh Kumar3, Vivek1, P.K. Singh4, Manoj Kumar Singh3, S.P. Singh2 and Vivak Ujjwal3
1Department of Agronomy
2Department of Soil Science
3Department of Horticulture
4Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Beghra, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut-250110, U.P., India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

There are 115 million operational holdings in the country and about 80 % are marginal and small farmers. To fulfill the basic needs of house hold including food (cereal, pulses, oilseeds, feed, fodder, fiber etc.) warrant an attention about Alternative Arable Cropping Strategies (AACS). Undoubtedly, majority of the farmers are doing farming since long back but their main focus was individual components but not in a strategies way. The strategies is made in such a way that product of one component should be the input for other enterprises with high degree of complimentary effects on each other. The information on AACS in a systematic way is presented here. An investigation was undertaken during 2010–20111 to 2014-15 to assess the agro-economic potentiality of ten promising high-value crops alternative arable cropping systems in order to diversify the cereal–cereal based rotations and owning maximum profitability in subtropical climatic condition of western Uttar Pradesh production systems. Maize-potato–onion (M-P-O) system proved as best viable option in realizing highest production efficiency in terms of resource use efficiency, energy dynamic, monetary and employment efficiencies water-use efficiency and enzymatic activities besides enhancing soil health; followed by maize-potato-mungbean (M-P-Mb) system. Cowpea- potato-mungbean (Cp–P–Mb) and Maize-garlic-mungbean (M-G-Mb) system also observed higher net-returns, land use efficiency and monetary-efficiencies. The methodology is explained keeping in mind the work done so far to realize better productivity, profitability and sustainable production systems that would help to solve the fuel, feed and energy crisis, create more employment avenues, ensure regular income and encourage agricultural oriented industry.


Keywords: Profitability, Soil health, Energy relationships, Resource use efficiency.
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How to cite this article:

Naresh, R.K., Ashok Kumar, Mukesh Kumar, Vivek, P.K. Singh, Manoj Kumar Singh, S.P. Singh and Vivak Ujjwal. 2017. Alternative Arable Cropping Strategies: A Key to Enhanced Productivity, Resource-Use-Efficiency, and Soil-Health under Subtropical Climatic Condition.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(11): 1187-1205. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.142