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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(11): 423-430
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.049


Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern and Prevalence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) at Tertiary Care Hospital
Jaydev Pandya1 and Mitesh Kamothi2*
1GMERS Medical College, Junagadh, Gujarat, India
2(Microbiology), GMERS Medical College, Gotri, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present study was carried out to detect the sensitivity pattern and prevalence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) at tertiary care hospital, Surendranagar. Total 1776 Clinical specimens were studied. All the isolates were identified by standard microbiological procedures like gram staining, colony morphology on solid culture media and biochemical reactions. Antibiotic sensitivity testing was done for all isolates by modified Kirby Bauer disk diffusion method. Total 194 Staphylococcus aureus were tested for MRSA by Cefoxitin disc diffusion test. Among 194 Staphylococcus aureus only 69 were positive for MRSA. Overall prevalence rate for MRSA isolates was 35.56%. Maximum occurrence of MRSA was in Medicine ward (45.31%), Surgery ward (21.87%) and Orthopedic ward (15.62%). MRSA were maximum from Pus (43.75%) followed by Urine (26.56%), Swab (12.5%), Sputum (10.93%), Blood (3.12%) and Body fluid (1.56%). MRSA were most sensitive to Vancomycin (100%) followed by Linezolid (93%) and Doxycycline (79%), and least sensitive to Clarithromycin (20%) followed by Roxythromycin (28%) and Erythromycin (34%). Prevalence of MRSA in our study is 35.56%, which are multidrug resistance though Vancomycin, Linezolid and Doxycyclin are still effective treatment option.


Keywords: MRSA, Staphylococcus aureus, Antimicrobial resistance.
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How to cite this article:

Jaydev Pandya and Mitesh Kamothi. 2017. Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern and Prevalence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) at Tertiary Care Hospital.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(11): 423-430. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.049