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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(5): 674-679
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.505.068


Socio-demographic, Clinical and Microbiological Study of Sexually Transmitted Infections in a Tertiary Care Hospital of South India
Haritha Thiruveedhula1, K. Sushma Chowdary2, G. Venkateswara Rao3
and Sri Ranjitha Galla4
Department of DVL, NRI Medical College & General Hospital, Chinakakani,Mangalagiri Mandal, Guntur Distirct, Andhra Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are a major public health challenge in India. In addition to the physical and psychological consequences of STIs, these diseases also exact a tremendous economic toll. To study the socio-demographic, clinical and microbiological characteristics among patients attending the STI clinic of a tertiary care hospital of South India from January 2014 to March 2016 (26 months). A retrospective analysis was done by obtaining data from the predesigned STI case records. The majority of patients were females (63.8%) and belonged to young age group and upper lower socioeconomic class. The most common STI was mixed infection (35.7%) seen most commonly in females (vaginal / cervical discharge syndrome), followed by candidiasis (30.7%), herpes genitalis (12.6%), condylomata acuminata (6.5%). Mixed infections were most frequently caused by Trichomoniasis (83.1%), Candidiasis (73.2%), Bacterial vaginosis (50.7%) and Non gonococcal cervicitis/ urethritis (30.98%). Prevention programs, active screening strategies and better access to STI diagnosis and treatment services are necessary to reduce the incidence and the burden of STIs.


Keywords: Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Mixed STI infection, Candidiasis, Non gonococcal cervcitis / urethritis, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
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How to cite this article:

Haritha Thiruveedhula, K. Sushma Chowdary, G. Venkateswara Rao and Sri Ranjitha Galla. 2016. Socio-demographic, Clinical and Microbiological Study of Sexually Transmitted Infections in a Tertiary Care Hospital of South India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(5): 674-679. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.505.068