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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(5): 458-473
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.505.048


Pathogenic Bacteria Associated with Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus (Charadriiformes, Laridae) on the Coast of Santa Catarina State - Brazil
Luis A. Ebert1,2*, Júlio C. Schlemper1, Márcia R. Pelisser1, Bianca de A. Pereira3, Marcus A.C. da Silva4 and Joaquim O. Branco4,2 
1UNIASSELVI, Centro Universitário Leonardo da Vinci, Indaial, Brasil
 2DEBE, Departamento de Ecologia e Biologia Evolutiva, Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos, Brasil
 3UDESC, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), Lages, Brasil.
4CTTMar, Centro de Ciências Biológicas da Terra e do Mar, Universidade do Vale do Itajaí (UNIVALI), Itajaí, Brasil
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Seabirds such as Larus dominicanus are very vulnerable to contaminants and pathogens and can be used to reflect changes in the health of marine ecosystem. The objective of this study was to identify pathogenic bacteria associated with the Kelp Gulls on the coast of Santa Catarina. Monthly campaigns were made on three coastal islands, where cloacal samples were taken from young gulls and used for microbiota identification. In the laboratory the samples were analyzed, targeting species gram-negative (genus Salmonella) and gram-positive (genus Staphylococcus). Through specific biochemical tests were identified 23 species. The Kruskall-Wallis test (H = 74,914; n = 33; p < 0,05) indicated significant differences among the islands applied to number of isolated strains per specie. Tamboretes Island presented higher diversity (2.36) of bacteria, followed by Moleques do Sul (2.10) and Lobos Islands (1.35). Moleques do Sul had the highest richness value (2.87), followed by Tamboretes (2.55) and Lobos (1.14). The equitability was higher for Tamboretes (0.92), followed by Moleques do Sul (0.79) and Lobos (0.51). Greater similarity between Tamboretes and Moleques do Sul was observed by Jaccard. However Bray-Curtis indicated greatest association between Lobos and Tamboretes. The results suggest that pathogenic bacteria are associated with young gulls.


Keywords: Larus dominicanus, pathogenic bacteria,seabirds,Kelp Gull,microorganisms.
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How to cite this article:

Luis A. Ebert, Júlio C. Schlemper, Márcia R. Pelisser, Bianca de A. Pereira, Marcus A.C. da Silva and Joaquim O. Branco. 2016. Pathogenic Bacteria Associated with Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus (Charadriiformes, Laridae) on the Coast of Santa Catarina State – Brazil.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(5): 458-473. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.505.048