Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(9): 3431-3438
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.421


Use of Inorganic Fertilizers and FYM for Twenty-Nine Years in Rice-Wheat Cropping System Improves Physical Soil Quality Indices after Rice
M.K. Bhatt1*, K.P. Raverkar1, Ramesh Chandra1, Navneet Pareek1, D.K. Singh2 and Mohd. Yaseen1
1Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar 263 145, Uttarakhand, India
2Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar 263 145, Uttarakhand, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In order to assess the effect of balanced and imbalanced use of inorganic fertilizers and FYM in rice-wheat cropping system for twenty-nine years on physical soil quality indices after rice the observations were recorded from the continuing long-term fertility experiment initiated in 1984 at Norman E. Borlaug Crop Research Centre, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar. Combined use of inorganic fertilizer along with FYM significantly improved the bulk density (BD), water holding capacity (WHC), hydraulic conductivity (HC), mean weight diameter (MWD) and water stable aggregate (WSA) after rice in both the surface and sub-surface soil layer. Lowest bulk density (1.28 and 1.35 g cm-3) in surface and sub-surface soil, respectively was achieved due to N120+P40 +K40+FYM and N120+P40+K40+Zn(F)+FYM, while application of N180+P80+K40+Zn(F)+FYM resulted in highest WHC (69.32 and 57.94%), HC (0.273 and 0.192 cm hr-1), MWD (0.610 and 0.506 mm) and WSA (24.15 and 20.27%) at surface and sub-soil surface layers, respectively. The positive significant correlations were observed between various soils physical quality indices whereas BD and PD were negatively correlated with MWD, WSA, porosity, WHC and HC. The present investigation clearly points out the significance of balanced use of nutrients including FYM in rice-wheat cropping system for improving the various physical soil quality indices over a long period.


Keywords: Long term fertilizer experiment, Rice, FYM, Physical indices, Soil quality.
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Bhatt, M.K., K.P. Raverkar, Ramesh Chandra, Navneet Pareek, D.K. Singh and Mohd. Yaseen. 2017. Use of Inorganic Fertilizers and FYM for Twenty-Nine Years in Rice-Wheat Cropping System Improves Physical Soil Quality Indices after Rice.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(9): 3431-3438. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.421