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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(9): 2434-2441
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.299


Fatalities due to Seasonal Variation in Tomato Genotypes
A.K. Singh1, R.P. Singh1, K. Singh2, M.K. Singh3, Avanish Kumar Singh3 and Umesh Singh4*
1Department of Botany
2Department of Entomology, Udai Pratap Autonomous College, Varanasi-221002 (U.P.), India
3ICAR- Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute (ATARI),Kanpur, 208002, (U.P.), India
4Division of Crop Improvement, Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, PB- 01, PO- Jakhini (Shahanshahpur), Varanasi- 221305 (U.P.), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Twenty three tomato genotypes were screened under field condition during two consecutive seasons of spring-summer (February to May) and autumn-winter (October to February). The differences in average day/night mean temperature/humidity of both the season were 15°C / 13.0°C and 46% / 39 %, respectively. Early flowering was observed in summer compared to winter season and diminution of pollen viability is noticed in all the genotypes during spring-summer whereas, in genotype Hisar lalit it was enhanced 0.92 times. Fruit set percent at high temperature is stringently reliant on proper gametogenesis (pollen and ovule development) and fertilization was markedly decreased in summer but this reduction was only 1.19 times observed in Hisar Lalit (Sel-18) in comparison to autumn-winter. The tomato plants in spring summer reveals stressed had significantly 1.6–2.5 times higher chl a/b ratio compared to autumn-winter. Chl b was degraded faster at high temperature than Chl a, represented by an increase in Chl a/b ratio with exposure. High temperature increased titrable acidity of tomato fruit and it was enhanced 1.30 to 1.03 times during spring summer. Heat Susceptibility Index (HSI) was used to measure stress tolerance in terms of minimizing the reduction in yield caused by unfavourable versus favourable environments. The ideal genotypes perform better yield in all environmental condition, therefore on the basis of HSI genotype PS-1(0.73), Hisar Lalit (0.77), EC-538455 (0.80) showed better performance and can be used for breeding purposes.


Keywords: Tomato, Spring-summer, Autumn-winter, Heat susceptibility index.
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How to cite this article:

Singh, A.K., R.P. Singh, K. Singh, M.K. Singh, Avanish Kumar Singh and Umesh Singh. 2017. Fatalities due to Seasonal Variation in Tomato GenotypesInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(9): 2434-2441. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.299