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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(9): 2410-2416
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.296


Clinico-Epidemological Profile of Corneal Ulcer Cases from Rural Hospital of Haryana, India
Kanishtha Sharma1, Dipender Kaur Najotra1* and Varsha A. Singh2
1Departmeny of Microbiology, Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences and Hospital Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2Department of Microbiology, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research (MMIMSR), Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Corneal ulceration is a leading cause of ocular morbidity and blindness worldwide. India being an agricultural land, corneal trauma leading to rapidly progressing corneal ulceration is very common. Many studies have been published on corneal ulcers all over the country but no study has been published from rural part of Haryana. Therefore this study was undertaken to find the rate of bacterial and fungal isolates in corneal ulcers and to assess their clinical epidemiology. The present study was carried in the Department of Microbiology, MMIMSR, Haryana on 200 clinically suggested cases of corneal ulcers. Corneal scrapings were subjected to microscopy and culture. Of 200 suspected cases, 43.5% were culture positive. Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were the predominant gram positive and negative bacterial isolates. Aspergillus species was the most prevalent fungal isolate. Ocular trauma and tropical steroids was the commonest predisposing factor. Sugarcane leaf trauma was the commonest vegetative origin trauma. Redness, blurred/diminished vision was most commonly seen in fungal keratitis while pain, redness was most commonly seen in bacterial keratitis. The clinical presentations of bacterial and fungal corneal ulcers are often overlapping and confirmation by microbiological testing is essential for better treatment.


Keywords: Corneal ulceration, Keratitis, Morbidity.
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How to cite this article:

Kanishtha Sharma, Dipender Kaur Najotra and Varsha A. Singh. 2017. Clinico-Epidemological Profile of Corneal Ulcer Cases from Rural Hospital of Haryana, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(9): 2410-2416. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.296