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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(9): 1909-1927
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.235


A Review on: In Vitro Cloning of Orchids
Dipika Sarmah1*, Swathi Kolukunde1, Monoj Sutradhar2, Brijesh Kumar Singh2
Tapas Mandal1 and Nirmal Mandal2
1Department of Floriculture and Landscaping
2Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, West Bengal-741252, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Orchids are the most fascinatingly beautiful flowers and unique group of plants of nature. With their exotic shapes, hues and the added advantage of longevity, these flowers of rare beauty have become increasingly popular in the 21st century. They belong to the Orchidaceae family and consisting 600-800 genera and 25,000-35,000 species. Today growing orchid is more than just a hobby, it is an international business covering around 10% of the world floriculture trade. Especially, some of the exquisitely rare hybrids of orchid are among the top ten cut flowers. It has become possible by adopting in vitro tissue culture techniques for their rapid multiplication. Since, orchids are strictly out breeders, seed propagation results in unwanted heterozygous types. So, vegetative propagation techniques require accurate regeneration protocol for obtaining in vitro cultured true to type plants. In fact, the technical aspect of micropropagated orchids have improvised significantly in past few years. But the loop holes in micropropagation stems from the somaclonal variation, phenolic compound exudation explants, hardening and so on. We endeavour to include the major contribution based on orchid tissue culture starting from the pioneering work of Rotor, G. 1949 to Balilashaki et al., 2014.


Keywords: Orchid, Micro propagation, Protocorm like bodies, Cymbidium, Denrobium and Phalaenopsis.
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How to cite this article:

Dipika Sarmah, Swathi Kolukunde, Monoj Sutradhar, Brijesh Kumar Singh, Tapas Mandal and Nirmal Mandal. 2017. A Review on: In Vitro Cloning of Orchids.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(9): 1909-1927. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.235