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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(9): 1671-1681
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.205


Physio-Chemical Properties of Bamboo Genetic Resources at Various Age Gradations
R.Thirunirai Selvan*, K.T. Parthiban and S. Umesh Khanna
Forest College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Mettupalayam – 641 301, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Five age gradations of seven Bamboo species viz., Bambusa bambos, Dendrocalamus strictus, Bambusa vulgaris var. vulgaris, Bambusa vulgaris var. striata, Bambusa balcooa, Bambusa tulda and Bambusa polymorpha were subjected to physical and chemical analysis in order to recommend suitable species at reasonable rotation age for pulp and paper production. All the five age gradations exhibited considerable differences for physical and chemical properties in Bamboo genetic resources. Considering physical properties viz., bulk and basic density, all the age gradation were moderate to high in range which indicated their suitability as pulpwood. In proximate analysis, characters viz., Ash content, Hot water solubility, 1% NaOH Solubility, Alcohol benzene extractives, Acid insoluble lignin, Pentosans and Hollocellulose were analysed. The different age gradations of various bamboo genetic resources differ significantly for holocellulose, which constitutes the cellulose and hemi-cellulose (essential factors for paper production). Among the five age gradations, the superiority of five-year-old Bambusa balcooa was evident due to maximum holocellulose content, low ash content and moderate the lignin content.


Keywords: Physio-chemical properties, Moisture content, Holocellulose, Lignin, Age-gradation, Bamboo.
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How to cite this article:

Thirunirai Selvan, R., K.T. Parthiban and Umesh Khanna, S. 2017. Physio-Chemical Properties of Bamboo Genetic Resources at Various Age GradationsInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(9): 1671-1681. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.205