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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(1): 32-54
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.501.004


Bio Management of Wilting of a Valuable Timber and Medicinal Plant of Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.) - A Review
Narendra Kumar and S. M. Paul Khurana
Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Haryana, Manaser-122413,Gurgaon, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Shisham is a medium to large deciduous(annually shedding the leaves) tree, native to India. It has a light crown and reproduces through seeds and suckers.The sissoo is best known internationally as a premier timber species of the rosewood genus. However, sissoo is also an important tree used for screen from direct sun light, provides cover or protection and feed for livestock. This lists the medicinal values of Dalbergia sissoo DC.(Fabaceae) for various ailments. The wood and bark of Sissoo have anthelmintic, antipyretic, expectorant, aphrodisiac abortifacient and refrigerant properties. Oil obtained from the seeds is used to cure diseases affecting skin.Like all other legumes it enhances the quality of soil due to presence of nitrogen fixing bacteria in roots. The leaves falling from the tree are also helpful in improvement of soil quality. It has been found showing severe wilting. The symptoms observed in all wilted plants are: yellowing and death of leaves in acropetal succession and lastly entire plant turns yellow. Pathogenicity test results revealed that both Fusarium solani and Fusarium oxysporum alone or either are highly potent causing severe wilting in plants. The article covers the chemical synthetic fungicides and biological control of Fusarium.This also deals about potential of Putranjiva roxburghii having volatile antifungal activity.The oil of Putranjiva roxburghii showed complete mycelial inhibition of both test fungi Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani at 500ppm.The antifungal activity of oil was found thermostable even after autoclaving and storage (upto 120 days).The bark and root extract of Putranjiva was also found to be effective against both species of Fusarium. In this way this plant has an overall promise for control of Fusarium.


Keywords: Shisham, General uses, Medicinal uses, Fusarium, Chemical, Biological control
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How to cite this article:

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(1): 32-54. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.501.004