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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019) [Effective from January 1, 2019]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(9): 1020-1028
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.123


Postpartum Uterine Infections in Cows and Factors Affecting it– A Review
Akshay Sharma*, Madhumeet Singh, Pravesh Kumar, Amit Sharma, Neelam, Aaqib Majid Jan and Pranshu Sharma
Department of Veterinary Gynecology and Obstetrics, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur – 176062, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Uterine infections in postpartum phase are the most common and of greatest economic importance in dairy animals. Uterine function is often compromised in cattle by bacterial contamination of the uterine lumen after parturition; pathogenic bacteria frequently persist, causing uterine disease, a key cause of infertility. Certain risk factors resulting in an increase in chance of clinical disease are retained placenta, dystocia, twins and stillbirth calves. Although many cows eliminate these bacteria during the first 5 weeks after parturition, but in 10–17% of animals infection persists which causes uterine disease. The presence of pathogenic bacteria in the uterus causes inflammation, histological lesions of the endometrium and delays uterine involution. In addition, uterine bacterial infection, bacterial products or the associated inflammation, suppress pituitary LH secretion, and perturbs postpartum ovarian follicular growth and function, which disrupts ovulation in cattle. Thus, uterine disease is associated with lower conception rates, increased intervals from calving to first service or conception, and more cattle culled for failure to conceive.


Keywords: Uterine infections, Postpartum period, Cattle, Risk factors.
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How to cite this article:

Akshay Sharma, Madhumeet Singh, Pravesh Kumar, Amit Sharma, Neelam Aaqib Majid Jan and Pranshu Sharma. 2017. Postpartum Uterine Infections in Cows and Factors Affecting it– A ReviewInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(9): 1020-1028. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.123