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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(4): 864-868
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.504.098


Prevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen among blood donors and hospital camp attendees at a tertiary care hospital, Hyderabad, India
Md Wajid* and Md  Khaleel
Department of Microbiology, Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad,Telangana State, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Viral Hepatitis is a major public health problem in India. Surveys for screening HBs Ag have been primary, simple and the most useful mode of determining HBV infection rates. The study has been designed with an objective to assess the prevalence of HBs Ag in blood donors and hospital camp attendees. The study was conducted in Owaisi Hospitals which is a tertiary care super speciality hospital. The study population included all the blood donors donating blood in the blood bank of the hospital and hospital camp attendees in the study period of 6 months from February 2015 to July 2015. Standard procedures were used during the blood collection. A total of 2,500 donor blood samples & 500 hospital camp attendees were screened by Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO) approved enzyme linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA) kit Hepalisa. Seropositivity was more among hospital camp attendees (4.4%) compared to blood donors (1.2%) which was found to be statistically significant (p<0.0001). Majority (93.3%) were males and half the proportion (53%) belonged to 31-35 years age group. In comparison with voluntary donors, seropositivity was more among replacement donors. A higher rate of prevalence of HBs Ag positivity was observed among hospital camp attendees compared to blood donors 4.4% and 1.2%  respectively showing a higher prevalence in hospital camp attendees.


Keywords: Blood donors, Hepatitis B surface antigen,Hospital camp attendees, Prevalence, Seropositivity
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How to cite this article:

Md Wajid and Md  Khaleel. 2016. Prevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen among blood donors and hospital camp attendees at a tertiary care hospital, Hyderabad, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(4): 864-868. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.504.098