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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(8): 3366-3374
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.608.402


Scientific Approaches of Gum Tapping in Gum Karaya (Sterculia urens Roxb.) for High Gum Production
Vidya Bhushan Kuruwanshi*, Pratibha Katiyar and Shabnam Khan
Department of Plant Physiology, Agricultural Biochemistry, Medicinal and Aromatic plants, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur -492 012, Chhattisgarh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Gum is natural biopolymers and formed via process of gummosis due to biotic and abiotic stresses i.e. injury, infection, drought, heat, high temperature, asby product of metabolic pathway and cannot re-enter in the system. Gum karaya (Sterculia urens Roxb.) is a dry deciduous tree belonging to the family Sterculiaceae distributed throughout India and Chhattisgarh. Karaya gum is the dried exudate obtained from trees of Sterculia species. Karaya gum is predominately used for many industries such as petroleum and gas, textiles, paper and pulp, pharmaceuticals, medicine and several other products. The commercial tapping of karaya is done by blazing, peeling, or by making deep cuts at the base of the bole using an axe or a cycle. These methods often lead to the death of the tapped trees. On account of crude tapping methods and over exploitation the population of karaya trees has markedly declined. The harvesting methods currently used are traditional and injurious due to which often obtained inferior quality of products. Hence, the study was undertaken in ICAR Network Project to develop the scientific tapping technique for sustainable harvesting in major gum producing tree of Chhattisgarh state to enhance the livelihood of the rural areas as well as to protect the plant and generate the revenue of the government. The various chemical methods are used for tapping purpose. Chemical tapping method using ethephon and IAA injected by battery operated drill machine. However, temperature and relative humidity also play significant role in gum exudation. The ethephon @ 3.9% in 4 ml in two consecutive doses in 45-60 days intervals at high temperature in month of April to June was found significantly effective for maximum gum production during both the year 2015 and 2016. The physiochemical properties of exudated gum were investigated and gum was found to be mild acidic, least soluble in cold water but absorb water and swell, soluble in hot water but insoluble in organic solvent.


Keywords: Sterculia urens, Ethephon, IAA, Gum tapping, Gum yield.
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How to cite this article:

Vidya Bhushan Kuruwanshi, Pratibha Katiyar and Shabnam Khan. 2017. Scientific Approaches of Gum Tapping in Gum Karaya (Sterculia urens Roxb.) for High Gum Production.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(8): 3366-3374. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.608.402