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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(4): 811-819
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.504.093


Ecology and Bacterial Resistance Level in the Tooth Decay: Case of Patients Consulted in a General Hospital in Abidjan (Côte D’ivoire)
Allangba-Atsain Marie Rosine1*, Guessennd-Kouadio Nathalie2, Kadja Amani Brice3, Ouattara Mohamed Baguy2, Guédé Kipré Bertin4, Konan Kouadio Fernique2, Boua Boua Benson3, Békro Yves-Alain3 and Dosso Mireille5
1Laboratoire de Chimie Bio organique et de Substances Naturelles (LCBOSN) / UFR-SFA / Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire Laboratoire de Bactériologie-Virologie Institut Pasteur de Côte d’Ivoire 01 BP 490 Abidjan 01
2Laboratoire de Bactériologie-Virologie Institut Pasteur de Côte d’Ivoire 01 BP 490 Abidjan 01
3Laboratoire de Chimie Bio organique et de Substances Naturelles (LCBOSN) / UFR-SFA / Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire
4UFR-SN / Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire Laboratoire de Bactériologie – Virologie Institut Pasteur de Côte d’Ivoire 01 BP 490 Abidjan 01
5Directrice de l’Institut Pasteur de Côte d’Ivoire
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The apparition of bacteria resistant to the antibiotics and their implication in human infections constitute a real problem of public health.  The objective of this survey was to determine the resistance level of the bacteria to the antibiotics used in the treatment of the tooth decay. The strain isolation has been performed respectively on BEA (Bile Esculine Agar), Chapman, Cetrimide, EMB (Eosine and to the Bruise of Methylene), MRS (Man Rogosa Sharpe) to the cool blood, MH (Müller Hinton) to cooked blood added polivitex and Colombia  to the fresh blood added nalidixic acid and colistine. For their identification, the macroscopic and, microscopic analysis and different tests have been achieved. Enterococcus sp, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus negative coagulase, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Lactobacillus sp, Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sp bacterial strains have been isolated with different phenotypes. Of all studied species, Lactobacillus sp and Streptococcus mutans have been confirmed responsible for the tooth decay with 22.2%. This survey showed that the oral dental cavity contains a diversity of bacteria of which most are resistant to the families of used antibiotics.


Keywords: Tooth Decay, Pathogenic Bacteria, Antibiotics, Resistance,Côte d’ivoire.
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How to cite this article:

Allangba-Atsain Marie Rosine, Guessennd-Kouadio Nathalie, Kadja Amani Brice, Ouattara Mohamed Baguy, Guédé Kipré Bertin, Konan    Kouadio Fernique, Boua Boua Benson, Békro Yves-Alain and Dosso Mireille. 2016. Ecology and Bacterial Resistance Level in the Tooth Decay: Case of Patients Consulted in a General Hospital in Abidjan (Cote D’ivoire).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(4): 811-819. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.504.093