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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(7): 2584-2594
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.305


Seroprevalence of Measles Virus among Children 0–12 Years of Age in Some States in North Western Nigeria
K. Abdulfatai1*, O.S. Olonitola2, M. Aminu2 and E.D. Jatau2
1Department of Microbiology, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
2Department of Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Serological Survey of measles virus among children 0 – 12 years of age was carried out in some States in North Western Nigeria. A total of 450 blood samples were collected and analyzed for measles virus IgM and IgG using commercial Elisa kit Obtained from Diagnostic Automation/ Cortez Diagnostics, California, the results was interpreted according to the manufacturer’s instruction. The data was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) Version 21. Of the total number of 450 samples analyzed for Measles Virus Infection IgM and IgG antibodies, 158(35.10%) were seropositive for IgM and 385 (85.60%) were seropostive for IgG. In relation to the age group for measles virus IgM, age group 1 – 5 years had the highest seroprevalence of 96(47.80%), followed by age group < 1 years with the seroprevalence of 25(31.25%). Age group 11 – 15 years had the least seroprevalance of 8(11.90%). There was statistically significant association (P- value 0.000 < 0.05). For measles virus IgG, in relation to the age group, age group 1 – 5 years had the highest seroprevalance of 195(97.07%), followed by age group 6 – 10 years with the prevalence of 95(93.14%). Age group <1years had the least seroprevalance of 40(50.00%). In relation to sex for IgM, male children had the highest seroprevalence of 83(35.80%) and female children had the seroprevalence of 75(34.40%). While for IgG antibody in relation to sex male children had the seroprevalance of 198(85.31) and female children had the seroprevalance of 187 (85.77). This study recognized age, Nutritional Status of children, Parent Socio-economic status, Parent Occupation, Parent Education, vaccination status of children and Vitamin A Supplement intake as important demographic and risk factors of measles virus infection in children.


Keywords: Measles virus infection, Aerosolized secretions, Maculopapular rash, Systemic infection, Respiratory epithelium, Nasopharynx, viremia, Otitis media, Pneumonia
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How to cite this article:

Abdulfatai, K., O.S. Olonitola, M. Aminu and Jatau, E.D. 2017. Seroprevalence of Measles Virus among Children 0 – 12 Years of Age in Some States in North Western Nigeria.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(7): 2584-2594. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.305