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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(7): 4174-4183
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.432


Effect of Different Crop Establishment Methods, Tillage and Residue on Yield, Yield Attributes and Economics of Rice in RW System of Northern Plains of IGP
J.M. Sutaliya* and U.P. Singh
Department of Agronomy, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India- 221 005
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The suitable crop establishment options with appropriate amount of residue retention may lower weed infestation, better crop growth, productivity, profitability and soil health. The overall goal of the present experiment was to assess the impacts of different crop establishment options on rice growth and yield in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. Specific objective of the study was to determine the effects of different crop establishment methods on productivity and profitability of rice.The strategy was to assess yield response measured during two consecutive seasons of the rice with different crop establishment methods. The impacts on rice yield, yield attributes and economics were assessed for different crop establishment [RE1:- Puddled transplanted rice (PTR), RE2:-Reduced till-direct seeded rice (RT-DSR), RE3:-Zero till-direct seeded rice (ZT-DSR) and RE4:-Zero till-direct seeded rice with 30cm anchored wheat residue (ZT-DSR+AR)]. The field experiment was laid out according to a complete randomized block design with four replications. The different crop establishment methods did not influence significantly the yield and yield attributes [panicles m-2 (no), panicle length (cm), panicle weight (g), grains Panicle-1 (no), 1000 grains weight (g)]of rice except number of panicle m-2 in both the years but higher value of yield and yield attributes were recorded by ZT-DSR+AR followed by ZT-DSR and RT-DSR. The highest gross return (₹ha-1), net return (₹ha-1) and B: C ratio recorded in ZT-DSR+AR that followed by ZT-DSR and RT-DSR crop establishment methods, whereas lowest with PTR.


Keywords: Crop establishment methods, Rice, Yield, Economics, Tillage DSR, ZTDSR, and Residue.
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How to cite this article:

Sutaliya, J.M., and Singh, U.P. 2017. Effect of Different Crop Establishment Methods, Tillage and Residue on Yield, Yield Attributes and Economics of Rice in RW System of Northern Plains of IGP.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(7): 4174-4183. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.432