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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(7): 4069-4077
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.422


Studies on Heterosis in Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.)
L. Bhatt1*, S.P. Singh1, A.K. Soni1 and M.K. Samota2
1Sri Karan Narendra Agriculture University, Jobner-303329, India
2ICAR- IARI, New Delhi-110 012, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present investigation entitled studies on heterosis for yield and its components of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) using 9 parents and 1 standard variety and their 36 crosses for 11 quantitive traits was carried out in summer and rainy seasons of 2015. The analysis of variance for experimental design revealed the existence of adequate genetic variability in experimental material for all traits under study. Variance due to parents Vs F1’s were significant for all characters, except days taken to opening of first female flower,days taken to first fruit set, fruit weight and total fruits yield per vine, thereby indicating the presence of overall average heterosis for all characters. Heterosis was worked –out over better parent and standard check Pusa hybrid-1. The highest desirable heterobeltiosis for yield its component characters was observed in order of male: female ratio (37.36 %), number fruit per vine (20.00%), total fruits yield per vine (9.68 %) and ascorbic acid (2.50%). The standard heterosis (over best check Pusahybrid-1 was observed in order of days taken to opening of first female flower(-5.45), days taken to first fruits set (-5.45), male: female ratio (107.47%), number of fruits per vine (50.00%), fruit length (27.59%), fruit weight (3.33), fruit diameter (4.35%), total fruits yield per vine (21.43%). Panipat Local x Phule Green, Phule Green x Pusa Do Mausami and Punjab-14 x Pusa Do Mausami. Panipat Local x Phule Green was superior in respect of days taken to opening first female flower, vine length, days to first fruit harvest, fruit length. Phule Green x Pusa Do Mausami was took fruit length, fruit weight, fruit diameter and total fruits yield per vine. Punjab-14 x Pusa Do Mausami was better with regard to superior for number of node at which first female flower appeared, number of fruits per vine and days to first fruit harvest.


Keywords: Bitter gourd, Momordica charantia, Heterosis and Harvest
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How to cite this article:

Bhatt, L., S.P. Singh, A.K. Soni and Samota, M.K. 2017. Studies on Heterosis in Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(7): 4069-4077. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.422