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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(7): 2604-2609
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.367


Risk Factors Associated with Prevalence of Bovine Brucellosis in Milk from Tamil Nadu, India
V.Naveen Kumar1*, M. Vijaya Bharathi1 and K. Porteen2
1Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine
2Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai – 600 007, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Brucellosis is a contagious and reproductive disease of animals mainly caused by Brucella abortus, B. melitensis, B. suis and B. canis. Diagnosis and identification of associated risk factors in brucellosis is important in devising an effective control strategy. This study is mainly focused to find out the prevalence and assessment of risk factors in lactating cows for bovine brucellosis from eleven districts of Tamil Nadu. A total of 483 milk samples were collected and subjected into Milk Ring Test (MRT) and milk Enzymatic Linked Immunosorbent Assay (m-ELISA), which revealed that 4.35 and 5.80 per cent of the samples were found to be positive by MRT and m-ELISA respectively. Various epidemiological determinants viz., age, breed and clinical history correlation with prevalence rate were assessed. Crossbred cattle, cattle with more than seven years of age and aborted history animals have recorded more prevalence of brucellosis. This manuscript concludes that routine screening, proper diagnosis and correction of identified risk factors will be more useful in devising appropriate disease control programme from the study area.


Keywords: Brucella, milk, prevalence, risk factors and Tamil Nadu.
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How to cite this article:

Naveen Kumar, V., M. Vijaya Bharathi and Porteen, K. 2017. Risk Factors Associated with Prevalence of Bovine Brucellosis in Milk from Tamil Nadu.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(7): 2604-2609. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.367