Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(7): 2104-2122
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.248


Fertigation for Effective Nutrition and Higher Productivity in Banana - A Review
Senthilkumar1, S. Ganesh2, K. Srinivas1, P. Panneerselvam3,Nagaraja4 and B.L. Kasinath5
1ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru-560089, Karnataka, India
2Gandhigram Rural Institute (Deemed University), Gandhigram-624 302, Tamil Nadu, India
3ICAR-National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, Odisha, India
4ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India
5ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Banana is a highly exhaustive crop which requires large quantities of mineral nutrients for rapid growth and development, thus it readily responds to applied nutrients. Major nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium play an important role in the vegetative and reproductive phases of crop growth, depending on the cultivar. In general, the input use efficiency of various nutrients used for crop growth and development is currently very low leading to problems of decreased productivity, degradation of soil health and increased environmental pollution apart from the wastage of substantial quantity of costly and scarce inputs. Increasing the efficiency of water and fertilizer can itself go a long way in realizing the growing demand for food and other plant products. These multiple requirements led to adoption of fertigation, which very much improves the nutrient uptake efficiency to an extent of 30-40 per cent, prevents soil degradation, reduces the cost of fertilizer and application besides improving the productivity and quality of the produce. Fertigation also minimizes the pollution of ground water by preventing losses through run off and Leaching. The fertigation results in saving water consumption to an extent of 40-70 per cent and fertilizer use to 25 per cent. The fertilizer application should contain more of potassium and nitrogen. Similarly, the choice and dosage of nutrients, time, mode and frequency of application vary depending on the cultivars, initial soil fertility, the production system and agro climatic conditions. Banana requires heavy manuring near by the soil surface because of its shallow rooting nature. Most of the researchers suggested weekly fertigation with water soluble fertilizers for higher productivity.


Keywords: Banana, Nutrients, Dripirrigation, Fertigation,Yield, Quality.
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Senthilkumar, M., S. Ganesh, K. Srinivas, P. Panneerselvam, A. Nagaraja and Kasinath, B.L. 2017. Fertigation for Effective Nutrition and Higher Productivity in Banana- A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(7): 2104-2122. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.248