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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(7): 1062-1073
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.128


Comparative Analysis of Vulnerability Indices and its Implications: A Case of Kosi Region (Bihar), India
Meera Kumari* and Jyoti Bharti
Department of Agricultural Economics, BAU, Sabour, Bhagalpur, Bihar – 813210, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The study was planned to construct vulnerability index and compare different districts of the delineated area in relation to vulnerability index. For this purpose a composite vulnerability index was developed, emphasizing on the three major components namely, (i) Exposure (ii) Sensitivity and (iii) Adaptive capacity. The results of investigation revealed that, in the year 1976-1985 the district of Kishanganj ranked first and the district of Araria ranked last (8th) in the overall vulnerability to climate change. The agricultural sector played a significant role in ranking Kishanganj district at the first position contributed to the tune 34.67 per cent to the overall vulnerability followed by occupational 28.96 per cent, climatic 22.45 per cent, and demographic factors 13.92 per cent. The values of vulnerability indices varied from 0.30 (Madhepura) to 0.59 (Kishanganj) in 1996-2005 indicated that there was a wide variability in the factors influencing climate change. In the year 2006-2015, the district of Supaul replaced Kishanganj from the first position with reference to overall vulnerability to climate change. Kisanganj was remains in first position with respect to sensitivity component of vulnerability. The degree of vulnerability of Kisanganj district was again placed under highly vulnerable district; however the district of Supaul, Saharsa, Madhepura, Purnea and Khagaria were placed under moderate vulnerability and the district of Araria was considered as least vulnerable district amongst all the selected district under study so far. Its range of vulnerability was varied from ≤ 28.58.Therefore climate change policies have to be integrated with sustainable development strategy such as social control, pollution control, as well as emphasis towards regional crop planning for most Vulnerable district of Kosi region of Bihar. Since the worst sufferers of climate change impacts are the rural communities, (who depends mainly on agriculture as their livelihoods), it is important to focus on the impacts of climate change on livelihoods, and re-establish the links among poverty, livelihood and environment. However, focusing on the community’s only are not enough, and so long as the community initiatives do not become part of the government policies, it is difficult to sustain the efforts. Thus, the link between local, state and national governments to the community is of utmost importance.


Keywords: Climate change, Sensitivity, Adaptive capacity, Vulnerability and Kosi Region
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How to cite this article:

Meera Kumari and Jyoti Bharti. 2017. Comparative Analysis of Vulnerability Indices and its Implications: A Case of Kosi Region (Bihar).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(7): 1062-1073. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.128