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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(4): 101-108
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.504.014


Microbiological Profile in Urinary Tract Infections among Children in a Tertiary Care Center in Kumaun region, India
Umesh1, Padmavati Bisht1,2* and Sushma Tamta3
1Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Haldwani, Nainital, India
2Department of Biotechnology, Kumaun University Nainital, Bhimtal Campus, Bhimtal, India
3Plant tissue culture laboratory, Department of Botany, Kumaun University Nainital, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Urinary tract infection is one of the commonest bacterial infections encountered in daily clinical practice and a major problem that is frequently encountered by pediatrics healthcare providers. This study aimed to find bacterial profile of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children between less than 1 year to 15 years of age. This is a hospital based retrospective study conducted at Government Medical College, Haldwani over a period of January 2012 to March 2013. Clean catch mid-stream urine samples from 458 clinically suspected cases of urinary tract infections were processed as per standard procedures. Antimicrobial susceptibility test was performed for the isolated pathogens using Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines. Among the 458 children, 75 (16.37%) were found to be culture positive. Most common age group having culture positivity was 6-10 years (29.33%). Present study showed that UTI is more common in boys (54.66%) than in girls (45.33%). The most common organism causing the urinary tract infection in this study was Escherichia coli (n=48, 64%). Other were Enterococcus spp. (n=8, 12%), Klebsiella spp. (n=4, 5.33%), Proteus spp. (n=4, 5.33% ), Pseudomonas spp. (n= 3, 4%), Coagulase negative staphylococcus (n=2, 2.66%), Citrobacter spp. (n=2, 2.66%), Acinetobacter spp. (n=1, 1.33%), MRCONS (n=1, 1.33%), and Staphylococcus aureus (n=1, 1.33%). E. coli showed 87.5% and 79.2% resistance to Ampicillin/sulbactum and Ciprofloxacin & Levofloxacin respectively; while it showed less resistance (18.7%) to Nitorfuratoin. Enterococcus spp. showed 88.88% resistance to Norfloxacin and Ciprofloxacin.


Keywords: Urinary Tract Infections,Microbiological Profile,Escherichia coli Enterococcus sps.
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How to cite this article:

Umesh, Padmavati Bisht and Sushma Tamta. 2016. Microbiological Profile in Urinary Tract Infections among Children in a Tertiary Care Center in Kumaun region, IndiaInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(4): 101-108. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.504.014