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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(1): 306-317
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.501.029


Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activity of the Leaves, Bark and Stems of Liquidambar styraciflua L. (Altingiaceae)
Graziele Francine Franco Mancarz, Ana Carolina Pareja Lobo, Mariah Brandalise Baril, Francisco de Assis Franco and Tomoe Nakashima
Pharmaceutical ScienceDepartment, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil
Coodetec Desenvolvimento, Produção e Comercialização Agrícola Ltda, Cascavel, PR, Brazil
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The genus Liquidambar L. is the best-known genus of the Altingiaceae Horan family, and species of this genus have long been used for the treatment of various diseases. Liquidambar styraciflua L., which is popularly known as sweet gum or alligator tree, is an aromatic deciduous tree with leaves with 5-7 acute lobes and branched stems. In the present study, we investigated the antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of aerial parts of L.styraciflua. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated using the microdilution methodology. The DPPH and phosphomolybdenum methods were used to assess the antioxidant capacity of the samples. The extracts showed moderate or weak antimicrobial activity. The essential oil had the lowest MIC values and exhibited bactericidal action against Escherichia coli, Enterobacter aerogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. The ethyl acetate fraction and the butanol fraction from the bark and stem showed the best antioxidant activity. This study revealed that the essential oil of L. styraciflua leaves displays antimicrobial activity and can be used as an alternative against pathogenic microorganisms. The extracts and fractions of this species have a high antioxidant capacity, revealing new sources of antioxidants for the food and pharmaceutical industries.


Keywords: Liquidambar styraciflua, antioxidant activity, antimicrobial activity, microdilution method, DPPH assay
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How to cite this article:

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(1): 306-317. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.501.029