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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(6): 2522-2525
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.606.300


Changing Trends in Antibiotic Resistance of Organism from Urinary Tract Infections Over Five Years in VIMS Ballari, Karnataka, India
Mariraj Jeer and Khutija Sarah*
Department of Microbiology, VIMS Ballari, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The aim of our study was to examine the changes in the trend of antibiotic resistance of organisms from urinary tract infection over a five-year period in our hospital. The data selected were all urine cultures from the hospital urine samples over a five-year period. Results of urine cultures from patients throughout the hospital were analysed and information on susceptibility to four antibiotics i.e., Gentamycin, Amikacin, Ciprofloxacin and Nitrofurantoin was collected. Total number of urine samples in the study period were 15949, out of which 5690(35.67%) showed the growth of bacteria with significant count. E. coli was the commonest organism isolated followed by Klebsiella spp., Pseudomonas, S. aureus and others. Ciprofloxacin resistance has been increasing since past five years (2012 -33% and 2016-40%),and even gentamycin resistance has increased since past five years in (2012-31% and 2016-33%) also statistically amikacin show rise in resistance pattern(2012-31% compared to 2016-36%)As resistance to nitrofurantoin is less compared to other drugs i.e., (2012-14% and in 2016-17%). Nitrofurantoin resistance is low compared to other drugs. It is both cost effective and efficacious for empirical treatment of uncomplicated UTIs therefore should be considered the mainstay of treatment of uncomplicated UTIs. This can be switched to targeted therapy on the basis of definitive subsequent culture and AST results.


Keywords: Urinary tract infection, Antibiotic Resistance, Ciprofloxacin.
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How to cite this article:

Mariraj Jeer and Khutija Sarah. 2017. Changing Trends in Antibiotic Resistance of Organism from Urinary Tract Infections Over Five Years in Vims BallariInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(6): 2522-2525. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.606.300